Does that mean that the prior research was wrong? Of course not. But its not the only way to do things. You then went on a tangent with TEF which is largely irrelevant to the discussion and that study you posted was for regular vs. Irregular feedings..
And unless i missed it, noones been promoting PES products or really even LG for that matter, LG is just an example of one diet which doesnt follow the old BB methods
Serious Nutrition Solutions Representative
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1.) Grind up 0.5 cups (or more) old fashioned style oats in a blender or an electronic coffee grinder, or whatever.
2.) Add about 1-1.5 cups of milk (depending on the consistency you want, may have to experiment)
3.) Add a banana
4.) Add a scoop of protein powder (a blend works best, but I mostly just use whey)... Chocolate works best
5.) Optional: Add natural PB for more calories
Tinkering with this general formula you can make a really nice tasting shake with a lot of calories. Mine, on average, run about 550-600 calories, but you could easily make it 1000 calories if you really wanted to. The best thing is, while it would easily take 10 minutes to eat a whole food meal of 1000 calories, you can drink it in about 30 seconds or less.
I prefer these shakes for breakfast rather than later in the day.
Androhard + Andromass Log
Try to pack more calories into the meals you do eat and then you wont have to worry about squeezing in extra meals your not hungry for...