- 12-02-2011, 09:42 AM
- 12-02-2011, 09:46 AM
World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Feb 14;12(6):874-9.Anti-hepatoma activity and mechanism of ursolic acid and its derivatives isolated from Aralia decaisneana.
Tian Z, Lin G, Zheng RX, Huang F, Yang MS, Xiao PG.
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100094, China. firstname.lastname@example.org
To investigate the anti-tumor activity of ursolic acid (UA) and its derivatives isolated from Aralia decaisneana on hepatocellular carcinoma both in vitro and in vivo.
In vivo cytotoxicity was first screened by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Morphological observation, DNA ladder, flow cytometry analysis, Western blot and real time PCR were employed to elucidate the cytotoxic mechanism of UA. Implanted mouse hepatoma H22 was used to evaluate the growth inhibitory effect of UA in vivo.
UA could significantly inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 and its drug-resistance strain, R-HepG2 cells, but had no inhibitory effect on primarily cultured normal mouse hepatocytes whereas all the six derivatives of UA could not inhibit the growth of all tested cell lines. Further study on mechanism demonstrated that apoptosis and G0/G1 arrest were involved in the cytotoxicity and cleavage of poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP). Downregulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein and upregulation of heat shock protein (HSP) 105 mRNA correlated to the apoptosis of HepG2 cells treated with UA. In addition, UA also could inhibit the growth of H22 hepatoma in vivo.
UA is a promising anti-tumor agent, but further work needs to be done to improve its solubility.
PMID: 16521214 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2009;10(4):1137-44. Epub 2009 Oct 16.The influence of cosolvent on the complexation of HP-beta-cyclodextrins with oleanolic acid and ursolic acid.
Li R, Quan P, Liu DF, Wei FD, Zhang Q, Xu QW.
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, 210029, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.
The present work was aimed at the influence of ethanol on the complex formation of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) with oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA), two insoluble isomeric triterpenic acids. Phase solubility studies were carried out to evaluate the solubilizing power of HP-beta-CD, in association with ethanol, toward OA and UA. A mathematical model was applied to explain and predict the solubility of OA and UA influenced by HP-beta-CD and ethanol. The solid complexes were prepared by evaporating the filtrate of samples which was prepared in different complexing media. The solubility of OA is much higher than that of UA in all the tested aqueous solutions. The solubility of OA and UA can be increased over 900 and 200 times, respectively, by forming complex with HP-beta-CD. Ethanol (0.5%, v/v) can help the formation of OA-HP-beta-CD complex, but is harmful to the formation of UA-HP-beta-CD complex. Increasing solubility in water can be achieved by adding ethanol into the complexing media, but the concentration of ethanol should be optimized. The ring E of the chemical compounds has a great influence on the complexing process.
PMID: 19834815 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2799583
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12-02-2011, 09:48 AM
12-02-2011, 09:49 AM
12-02-2011, 09:49 AM
12-02-2011, 10:04 AM
So the product was pitched one way but doesn't actually meet the claims as admitted. Does the product still go out at the same price? I think half off sounds like a good deal to clear stock and rush the new batch into production.
12-02-2011, 10:15 AM
12-02-2011, 10:16 AM
12-02-2011, 10:20 AM
Would dosing it a little higher be bad because of the extra forskolin in there?
BTW, mad props to you guys for living up to your mistake. Takes a lot to do that. Though I have yet to try a product from you guys Ill be more inclined to try one now that I know how legit you guys are.
Good job guys!
12-02-2011, 10:22 AM
12-02-2011, 10:38 AM
12-02-2011, 10:41 AM
12-02-2011, 10:48 AM
12-02-2011, 11:00 AM
If there is no significantly improved solubility, can we have an idea of how much ursolic acid is in each serving. I would like to know so I can continue the dosing protocol with this instead of ursobolic. If the solubility was better I'd be willing to experiment with dosing, but for now I would keep it steady.
12-02-2011, 11:25 AM
AgreedOriginally Posted by johnfaceman
I want to try this for the forskolin addition.. But need to know how much ua I'm Getting per cap to match my current 9 pills daily of ursobolic. Thanks
12-02-2011, 12:54 PM
12-02-2011, 02:26 PM
HMMM just herd from Royd that there is a pre order sale going on right now for Ursol-XT
Advanced Muscle Science/ForeRunner Labs (East Coast Sales Manager)
"The Strongest On The Market"
12-02-2011, 02:31 PM
12-02-2011, 02:37 PM
12-02-2011, 02:46 PM
12-02-2011, 02:52 PM
12-02-2011, 02:55 PM
12-02-2011, 03:01 PM
Lol got it.. Any number yet on amt of ua per cap/serving?? Would like to at least make the minimum I'm at with 450mg daily right now
12-02-2011, 03:10 PM
12-02-2011, 03:11 PM
12-02-2011, 03:13 PM
12-02-2011, 03:14 PM
12-02-2011, 03:14 PM
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12-02-2011, 04:24 PM