Arginine increase IGF-1 serum levels

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    Arginine increase IGF-1 serum levels


    Arginine increases insulin-like growth factor-I production and collagen synthesis in osteoblast-like cells.

    Chevalley T, Rizzoli R, Manen D, Caverzasio J, Bonjour JP.

    WHO Collaborating Center for Osteoporosis and Bone Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. chevalle@cmu.unige.ch

    Protein-energy malnutrition, which is common in elderly patients with osteoporotic hip fractures, is associated with reduced plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). IGF-I is an important regulator of bone metabolism, particularly of osteoblastic bone formation both in vivo and in vitro. Pharmacological doses of arginine (Arg) increase growth hormone (GH) and IGF-I serum levels. Whether amino acids, particularly Arg, can directly modulate the production of IGF-I by osteoblasts is not known. We investigated the effects of increasing concentrations of Arg on IGF-I expression and production, alpha1(I) collagen expression and collagen synthesis, and cell proliferation and cell differentiation, as assessed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteocalcin (OC) release, in confluent mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. The addition of Arg (7.5-7500 micromol/L, equivalent to 0.1- to 100-fold human plasma concentration) for 48 h increased IGF-I production (adjusted for cell number) in a concentration-dependent manner with a maximum of 2.3 +/- 0.3-fold at 7500 micromol/L Arg [x +/- standard error of the mean (SEM), n = 3 experiments, p < 0.01]. Arg (7.5-7500 micromol/L) increased the percentage of de novo collagen synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner (2.1 +/- 0.4-fold with 7500 micromol/L Arg, p < 0.001) and ALP activity with a maximal stimulation of 144% +/- 13% plateauing at 750 micromol/l Arg (p = 0.002). The steady state level of IGF-I messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and alpha1(I) collagen mRNA (both normalized to cyclophilin mRNA) of cells incubated with Arg at high (100-fold) or low (0.1-fold) human plasma concentrations, was 1.4 +/- 0.2, 1.2 +/- 0.2, and 1.1 +/- 0.2 after 24 h for the 7.5, 1.8, and 0.9 kb IGF-I mRNA transcripts, respectively (n = 3 experiments) and 1.5 +/- 0.2 and 3.1 +/- 0.7 after 24 and 48 h, respectively, for the combined analysis of the 5.6 and 4.7 kb alpha1(I) collagen mRNA transcripts (n = 3 experiments). A maximal mitogenic effect (cell number) of +21% +/- 3% (p < 0.01) was obtained with 1000 micromol/L Arg. In contrast, Arg (7.5-7500 micromol/L) induced a reduction of OC production, which reached 30% +/- 3% with 7500 micromol/L Arg (p = 0.02). In conclusion, Arg stimulated IGF-I production and collagen synthesis in osteoblast-like cells. Thus, Arg may influence bone formation by enhancing local IGF-I production.


    Influence of dietary arginine on the anabolic effects of androgens.

    Cremades A, Ruzafa C, Monserrat F, Lopez-Contreras AJ, Penafiel R.

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Spain.

    Feeding mice an arginine-deficient diet decreased plasma concentrations of arginine, citrulline and ornithine in the females and arginine in the males, abolishing the sexual dimorphic pattern of these amino acids found in mice fed the standard diet. In addition, the restriction of dietary arginine produced a marked decrease in body and renal weights as well as in the activity of renal ornithine decarboxylase, decreases that were gender dependent since they were observed exclusively in males. The fact that these changes were not associated with the decrease in the circulating levels of testosterone and that the dietary arginine restriction prevented the body weight gain induced by testosterone treatment of female mice fed the standard diet indicates that dietary arginine is required for the anabolic action of androgens. Moreover, under certain conditions that could compromise the renal synthesis of arginine, as in the compensatory renal hypertrophy that follows unilateral nephrectomy, the myotrophic effect of testosterone was transiently impaired. The results also revealed that arginine deficiency produced an opposite effect in the expression of IGF-I and IGF-binding protein 1 in the liver and kidney. Taken together, our results indicate that dietary arginine may be relevant to the anabolic action of testosterone, and suggest that this effect may be mediated by changes in the insulin-like growth factor system.

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    Now if there ever was a reason for taking arginine, this is it.

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