The 5AR inhibiting effect is made up for with the androgenic metabolite conversion if you are considering gyno.also lowers SHBG which will cause more active androgenic effects in the body and again makes gyno highly unlikely. And of course it lowers estrogen. I don't think gyno is of any concern with whatsoever.
Formestane raises which is another bonus
4OHT being mildly androgenic was just one of the reasons. It was in retrospect with everything else I mentioned which makes gyno extremely unlikely. And if it is a poor 5AR inhibitor and site-specific then I really don't think gyno and Formestane are anything worth discussing.
I will PM you when I'm out of work on the IGF-1 kevinhy.
The metabolism of the aromatase inhibitor-4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA) was studied in vitro and in vivo in the rat. To accomplish this, deuterium- and tritium-labeled 4-OHA were prepared from 4-hydroxyandrosta-4, 6-dione-3,17-dione. The latter was synthesized from 4-androstene-3,17-dione. Using deuterated 4-OHA in in vitro incubations of rat ovarian microsomes, 4-hydroxytesterone (4-OHT) was identified by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy as the major metabolite. 4-OHT constituted approximately 20% of the total radioactivity from [6,7-3H]-4-OHA in the ovarian microsomal incubations. Conversion of [6,7-3H]-4-OHA to 4-hydroxyesterone was approximately 0.1%. The major metabolite of [6, 7-3H]-4-OHA in vivo identified in the free, neutral fraction of rat blood was 3 beta-hydroxyandrostane-4,17-dione. The metabolite accounted for approximately 5% of the total radio-activity in the blood, Whereas 4-OHT accounted for only 0.1%, 4-OHT inhibited in vitro ovarian aromatization by 59%, but 3 beta-hydroxyandrostane-4-17-dione had little effect. It was concluded that the in vivo effects of 4-OHA previously reported are largely due to its own activity although additional effects of its metabolic products cannot be excluded.
4-Hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione is a second generation, irreversible aromatase inhibitor and commonly used as anti breast cancer medication for postmenopausal women. 4-Hydroxytestosterone is advertised as anabolic steroid and does not have any therapeutic indication. Both substances are prohibited in sports by the World Anti-Doping Agency, and, due to a considerable increase of structurally related steroids with anabolic effects offered via the internet, the metabolism of two representative candidates was investigated. Excretion studies were conducted with oral applications of 100mg of 4-hydroxyandrostenedione or 200mg of 4-hydroxytestosterone to healthy male volunteers. Urine samples were analyzed for metabolic products using conventional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry approaches, and the identification of urinary metabolites was based on reference substances, which were synthesized and structurally characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry. Identified phase-I as well as phase-II metabolites were identical for both substances. Regarding phase-I metabolism 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (1) and its reduction products 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androstane-4,17-dione (2) and 3alpha-hydroxy-5beta-androstane-4,17-dione (3) were detected. Further reductive conversion led to all possible isomers of 3xi,4xi-dihydroxy-5xi-androstan-17-one (4, 6-11) except 3alpha,4alpha-dihydroxy-5beta-androstan-17-one (5). Out of the 17beta-hydroxylated analogs 4-hydroxytestosterone (18), 3beta,17beta-dihydroxy-5alpha-androstan-4-one (19), 3alpha,17beta-dihydroxy-5beta-androstan-4-one (20), 5alpha-androstane-3beta,4beta,17beta-triol (21), 5alpha-androstane-3alpha,4beta,17beta-triol (26) and 5alpha-androstane-3alpha,4alpha,17beta-triol (28) were identified in the post administration urine specimens. Furthermore 4-hydroxyandrosta-4,6-diene-3,17-dione (29) and 4-hydroxyandrosta-1,4-diene-3,17-dione (30) were determined as oxidation products. Conjugation was diverse and included glucuronidation and sulfatation.
^don't see any mention of 4-oht in bolded.
I did not know that Bry... nice!
It appears as though the bolded still contains 5-ar metabolites, which would lead to lowered overall DHT levels. It may actually be beneficial if it is actually site specific (prostate, scalp) vs skeletal muscle. Is there a study that suggests this?
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.
Estrogens have an important role in the growth of breast and other hormone-sensitive cancers. We have shown that 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA) selectively blocks estrogen synthesis by inhibiting aromatase activity in ovarian and peripheral tissues and reduces plasma estrogen levels in rat and non-human primate species. In postmenopausal men and women, estrogens are mainly of peripheral origin. When postmenopausal breast cancer patients were administered either by daily oral or parenteral weekly treatment with 4-OHA, plasma estrogen concentrations were significantly reduced. Complete or partial response to treatment occurred in 34% of 100 patients with advanced breast cancer, while the disease was stabilized in 12%. We recently studied the effects of 4-OHA and other aromatase inhibitors, 10-propargylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione (PED) and imidazo[1,5-alpha]3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrin-6-yl-(4-benzonitrile) (CGS 16949A) as well as 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors, N,N-diethyl-4-methyl-3-oxo-4-aza-5 alpha-androstane-17 beta-carboxyamide (4-MA) and 17 beta-hydroxy-4-aza-4-methyl-19norandrost-5-en-3-one (L651190) in prostatic tissue from 11 patients with prostatic cancer and six patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), and from normal men at autopsy. We attempted to measure aromatase activity in tissue incubation by quantitating 3H2O released during aromatization of androstenedione or testosterone labeled at the C-1 position. The amount of 3H2O released from all samples was at least twice that of the heat inactivated tissue samples. The 3H2O release was significantly inhibited by 4-OHA and 4-MA, but not by the other aromatase inhibitors. However, when HPLC and TLC were used to isolate steroid products, no estrone or estradiol was detected in the incubates. Furthermore, no aromatase mRNA was detected following amplification by PCR. The 4-OHA was found to inhibit 5 alpha-reductase in both BPH and cancer tissue, although to a lesser extent than 4-MA. The other aromatase inhibitors were without effect. Although a mechanism involving intraprostatic aromatase is not likely, inhibitors may act to reduce peripherally-formed estrogens. In postmenopausal breast cancer, the results indicate that 4-OHA is of significant benefit.
To determine the effects of 4-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-OH-A) on the in vitro conversion of testosterone (T) to 5 alpha-androstan-17 beta-ol-3-one (dihydrotestosterone, DHT), 5 alpha-androstan-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol and 5 alpha-androstan-3 beta, 17 beta-diol (diols), human benign hypertrophic prostatic (BPH) tissue was incubated with 4-14C-T as substrate, in the presence of 4-OH-A (10(-8) to 10(-6) M); the amounts of the 5 alpha-reduced metabolites formed were quantitated. The effects of 4-OH-A were compared with those of 17 beta-N,N-diethylcarbamoyl-4-methyl-4-aza-5 alpha-androstan-3-one (4-MA), a known inhibitor of the 5 alpha-reductase. In the absence of 4-OH-A and 4-MA, human BPH tissue converted T to DHT and the diols readily. Both 4-OH-A and 4-MA induced significant and dose-related decreases in the formation of both DHT and the diols. The degree of inhibition induced by the different concentrations of 4-OH-A and 4-MA were 31, 41, 72% and 57, 87, 97%, respectively. The decreased formation of the diols was a consequence of the decreased availability of DHT (the immediate precursor of the diols) and was not due to direct effects of the inhibitors on the 3-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases; both 4-OH-A and 4-MA were totally unable to modify the conversion of DHT to the diols, when 4-14C-DHT was used as substrate. Thus, 4-OH-A inhibits the process of 5 alpha-reduction of T in BPH tissue. This molecule might represent a potential new agent for the prevention and/or treatment of human BPH.
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201.
The effects of 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA) and other aromatase inhibitors, 10-propargylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione and imidazo[1,5-alpha]-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrin-6-yl-(4-benzonitrile), as well as 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors N,N-diethyl-4-methyl-3-oxo-4-aza-5 alpha-androstane-17 beta-carboxyamide and 4-methyl-3-oxo-4-aza-androsta-5-ene-17-ol were investigated in prostatic tissue from six patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy and seven patients with prostatic cancer, and from normal men at autopsy. We attempted to measure aromatase activity in the tissue incubations by quantitating 3H2O released from androstenedione or testosterone labeled at the C-1 position. High performance liquid chromatography and thin layer chromatography were used to isolate steroid products. Although the amount of 3H2O released was at least twice that of the heat-inactivated tissue samples, no estrone or estradiol was detected on high performance liquid chromatography. The 3H2O release was significantly inhibited by 4-OHA and N,N-diethyl-4-methyl-3-oxo-4-aza-5 alpha-androstane-17 beta-carboxyamide, but not by the other aromatase inhibitors. 4-OHA also inhibited 5 alpha-reductase in both benign prostatic hypertrophy and cancer tissue, although to a lesser extent than N,N-diethyl-4-methyl-3-oxo-4-aza-5 alpha-androstane-17 beta-carboxyamide. The other aromatase inhibitors were without effect on 5 alpha-reductase. Our results indicate that 3H2O released from [1 beta-3H]androstenedione and [1,2,6,7-3H]androstenedione does not correlate with estrogen formation and may be the result of other metabolic reactions. Although it appears that the prostate lacks aromatase, 4-OHA may be of benefit in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostatic cancer by inhibiting this enzyme in peripheral tissue.
ok, not identified in rats much, but in humans yes. my mistake.
I dont really know what the argument is here...formestane may or may not convert to 4-OHT, So what if it does or doesnt? That doesnt change its effects as an AI
The other claims by Formestane need to be examined by application. For instance I have seen formestane transdermal products claim it will lower SHBG. Studies show that oral formestane lowers SHBG but not injection, which leads me to believe the metabolites are very different when taken through each route and transdermal as well.
Which makes sense considering how many enzymes are in the skin. Not really any way to know...but transdermal is probably more close to injection that oral...which is why form is supplied this way
Erase is strong for an oral, maybe the strongest oral out there. I like both, I think Formestane might have a slight edge when used on cycle but I can't really say that for sure. I thnk Formestane has a greater risk for estro rebound and you need to taper off on dosing... When you take cost into consideration erase is going to be the less expensive choice.
Do not go gentle into that good night...Rage! Rage! against the dying of the light!!
I like both to be honest. I wish I had more Formestane. That said I have a number of Erase bottles so I will be using that for my next stackaholics meeting.