Excellent Acne Guide by Ryker77
01-12-2003 07:10 AM
Excellent Acne Guide by Ryker77
Acne vulgaris (acne) is a common skin condition that can affect people of all ages, although teenagers develop acne most often. Acne is a disorder that occurs when the sebaceous glands in a person's skin make too much oil (sebum). The oil combines with cells that line the walls of these glands and clogs the person's skin pores.
It is not clear what causes a person's body to produce too much oil or not properly shed dead skin cells. Vitamin B5 might help with oily skin. Outbreaks of acne may be linked to hormones, genetics, or bacteria.1 Acne is not caused by eating too much chocolate or oily foods.
Acne can range from mild to severe. A person may have only occasional bouts with acne or it may be constant. Treatment for acne is based on the severity of the outbreak and how much it affects a person's appearance.
The goal of treatment is to reduce or eliminate outbreaks and to prevent scarring. Home care of acne and use of nonprescription medications can be effective. Prescribed oral medications (such as isotretinoin) and topical medications (such as benzoyl peroxide) are also available to treat acne. Usually, a combination of medications is most helpful.
Treatments read this part!! If you go to a general doctor you'll get poor service. You'll need to be able to tell him that you want to try ### and some of ###. Or just go to a dermatoligist.
Medications do not cure acne, but they can help manage the severity and frequency of outbreaks. Different medications are used, depending on the type of acne (pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, or cystic lesions). The types of medications used most often to treat acne include those that:
Help unplug skin pores and stop them from getting plugged with oil (such as tretinoin [sold as Retin-A]).
Kill bacteria, such as antibiotics and lotions that contain sodium sulfacetamide.
Reduce the amount of sebum made by a person's body (such as isotretinoin [sold as Accutane]).
Reduce the effects of hormones in producing acne (such as oral contraceptive pills for women).
The best medical treatment for acne often consists of a combination of medications. Some medications are combined into one product, such as Benzamycin topical gel which contains an antibiotic (erythromycin) and benzoyl peroxide, or BenzaClin topical gel, which contains benzoyl peroxide and the antibiotic clindamycin. Other times, two different medications are needed. For example, some people use benzoyl peroxide lotion or gel in the morning and tretinoin (Retin-A) at bedtime.
The most common types of medications used to treat acne include:
Antibiotics, such as erythromycin (E-Mycin) and tetracycline.
Tretinoin (Retin-A) and adapalene (Differin), both retinoid medications.
Other retinoids, such as isotretinoin (Accutane) and tazarotene (Tazorac).
Certain hormones, such as estrogen (low-dose birth control pills).
Sodium sulfacetamide, such as Klaron lotion, Novacet lotion, and Sulfacet-R lotion.
Azelaic acid, such as Azelex, a topical cream.
01-12-2003 06:10 PM
Good post! I found that using a OTC soap called Panoxyl helps to alleviate acne somewhat. For people who can't get a prescription for some reason, it will help a little bit. You can probably find it at your store.
01-25-2003 08:41 PM
More acne info. and how to rid it....
Ultraviolet rays dry excess skin oil very effectively.
Best results when used without dark-tanning lotions.
Shower after use and apply an aloe-based lotion to
noticibly oily areas. Avoid UV exposure while using
medications that cause photosensitivity.
Chlorine dries skin oil and reduces bacteria. Shower
immediately afterwards and apply an aloe-based lotion
to reduce oil production.
Panthotenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
Large doses of panthotenic acid have proven to reduce
acne. Take 2500 mg four (4) times a day (last dose at
bedtime) until acne is under control, and then 1500 mg
three (3) times a day for maintenance. Also available
as a cream which should be applied 4-6 times a day.
Benzoyl peroxide slowly releases oxygen, which has an
antibacterial effect. It also causes peeling and
drying of skin, which helps to eliminate blackheads
and whiteheads. First, wash the affected area of skin
with medicated soap and water. Pat dry gently with a
towel. Apply enough medicine to cover the affected
area and rub in gently once or twice a day. If you
have a fair complexion, start with a single daily
application at bedtime. Keep the medicine away from
eyes, nose, and mouth. Results are noticable in 1 to
several weeks. Side effects: burning, itching,
scaling, swelling, or redness. Allergic reactions are
not uncommon. Common brands: Clearasil, Noxzema, Oxy,
Isotretinoin (Accutane) - prescription
Isotretinoin is a powerful drug used in the treatment
of acne. Isotretinoin decreases the amount of oil
produced by the skin's sebaceous (oil) glands. Four to
five months of isotretinoin treatment usually leads to
clearing of acne for one year or more after the
medicine is stopped. Most other acne-controlling
medicines are antibacterial agents, which are
effective only if the medicine is used daily. Side
effects (in order of percent reported): chapped lips,
dry skin, mild nosebleeds, eye irritation, joint and
muscle pains, temporary hair thinning, rash,
intestinal symptoms, urinary symptoms, headache,
decreased night vision, depression. Regular blood
tests are necessary when you are taking isotretinoin
because it can be hard on the liver. Women should not
take Isotretinoin while pregnant, and should avoid
becoming pregnant while using it. Isotretinoin can
Retin-A - prescription
Unlike many over-the-counter acne treatments, Retin-A
has the ability to get beneath the surface of your
skin and work where acne begins. Retin-A loosens and
expels acne plugs in the skin and prevents new lesions
from forming. Apply before bed, about 30 minutes after
washing the skin. Side effects: dryness, peeling,
redness. Retin-A can cause photosensitivity
01-26-2003 12:31 PM
For acne, Benzamycin = the ****. You can't beat it. It's got some 5% Benzoyl Peroxide, and I forget what strength Erythromycin it has. But, it's worked wonders for my acne (non-steroid induced, if that has anything to do with it. i don't do steroids or phs, but i love biochem, so i like to learn about 'em).
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