Calcium in your PCT?
- 01-15-2008, 08:12 AM
Calcium in your PCT?
Intracellular calcium changes in mice Leydig cells are dependent on calcium entry through T-type calcium channels.
Luteinizing hormone (LH) regulates testosterone synthesis in Leydig cells by inducing an intracellular increase in cAMP concentration. LH also increases the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i), dependent on the presence of Ca2+ in the extracellular medium ([Ca2+]e) for its effect. Despite these evidences, the identity of a pathway for calcium entry has remained elusive and the relationship between cAMP and [Ca2+]i has been questioned. Here we show that mice Leydig cells do have an inward Ca2+ current carried by T-type Ca2+ channels. In 10 mm [Ca2+]e, the currents start to be activated at -60 mV, reaching maximal amplitude of 1.8 +/- 0.3 pA pF(-1) at -20 mV. Currents were not modified by Ba2+ or Sr2+, were suppressed in Ca2+-free external solution, and were blocked by 100 microm nickel or 100 microm cadmium. The Ki for Ni2+ is 2.6 microm and concentrations of Cd2+ smaller than 50 microm have a very small effect on the currents. The calcium currents displayed a window centred at -40 mV. The half-voltage (V0.5) of activation is -30.3 mV, whereas the half-voltage steady-state inactivation is -51.1 mV. The deactivation time constant (taudeactivation) is around 3 ms at -35 mV. Confocal microscopy experiments with Fluo-3 loaded cells reveal that both LH and dibutyryl-cAMP (db-cAMP) increase [Ca2+]i. The db-cAMP induced calcium increase was dependent on Ca2+ influx since it was abolished by removal of extracellular Ca2+ and by 400 microm Ni2+. [Ca2+]i increases in regions close to the plasma membrane and in the cell nucleus. Similar effects are seen when Leydig cells are depolarized by withdrawing K+ from the extracellular solution. Altogether, our studies show that Ca2+ influx through T-type Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane of Leydig cells plays a crucial role in the intracellular calcium concentration changes that follow binding of LH to its receptor.
Intracellular calcium changes in mice Leydig cells...[J Physiol. 2007] - PubMed Result
- 01-15-2008, 09:11 AM
Calcium is required for MANY MANY processes...especially related to nerve transmission and cell functioning.
As an experiment, try dropping around a gram of calcium before your next heavy lift day...and tell me how much MORE you lift.Evolutionary Muse - Inspire to Evolve
BPS - Where Body meets Performance
Flawless Skin Couture - We give you the tools to make you Flawless
- 01-15-2008, 09:13 AM
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