1. Sodium....

    I hear alot on what ur daily sodium intake should be, anywhere from 1,000mg to 3,500mg. What is a good/healthy daily intake for sodium. I drink about 2 gallons of water a day so bloating isnt a big thing

  2. I tried to keep track of this at one point but quickly figured out that the numbers weren't so important to me. Since so much of today's food is filled with sodium I just try to make sure I'm not eating to many salty foods throughout the day. There are certain things you can do to even reduce the sodium of a food, for example rinsing a can of tuna a few times and draining it with pressure, etc.

    Just watch what you're eating and you'll be fine. If you look or feel like your retaining to much water you can play with sodium to see if its having any effects.

  3. Sodium - Anabolic

    The “Sodium - Anabolic”Connection!

    One of the most powerful anabolic stimuli
    may be sitting right on your dinner table.

    Bodybuilders are constantly fed conflicting information regarding nutritional
    intake. This information, dished out mainly by the magazines, is primarily
    manipulated to sell you supplements. Yes, the magazines do have a vested
    interest in supplements. More space is devoted to marketing their
    supplements, either through articles or ads (in many cases these are one in the
    same), than is devoted to non-promotional productive training and nutritional
    information. Sad but true. Unfortunately you have to learn to see through the
    monetarily motivated bull****.

    The Sodium Dilemma

    As a whole, bodybuilders who think they are serious about their diet, generally
    cut out all extra sodium intake. Most are under the false notion that sodium
    will make them fat, cause them to retain extra water (as if this were a bad
    thing), cause high blood pressure or is just overall an unhealthy mineral. None
    of which is true. First off, sodium does not cause hypertension. This is a
    disease sodium can aggravate but not manifest. Secondly, sodium will not
    make you fat in any way, shape, or form. Thirdly, sodium is an essential
    nutrient your body can’t live without. Many functions in the body are
    "sodium-dependant". They require the presence of sodium. Many amino acids
    are transported by sodium carriers.

    Just recently the results of a major 10 year study were released vindicating
    sodium as the unhealthy mineral. In fact this study revealed that individuals
    with higher sodium intake had a lower mortality rate. That's right. Those that
    consumed a diet low in sodium actually died at an earlier age than those with
    higher sodium intakes. That pretty much throws a serious monkey wrench into
    the generally accepted thinking on sodium now doesn't it?

    With these fallacies out of the way let's see how we can manipulate our
    sodium intake to help increase muscular size and strength.

    Sodium and Muscle Growth

    Sodium is the primary positively charged ion in extra-cellular fluid. Sodium
    regulates blood volume, acid-base balance, muscle and nerve function and
    ATP-hydrolyzing activity in skeletal muscle. Potassium is the primary
    positively charged ion in intracellular fluid. Potassium regulates intra-muscular
    fluid levels, muscle and nerve function and ATP-hydrolyzing activity in skeletal

    As you can see, sodium and potassium perform very similar functions with the
    major difference being in the intra and extra-cellular fluid regulation. Most
    everyone is aware that sodium has an effect on subcutaneous (under the skin)
    fluid retention. Potassium has its effect on fluid inside the muscle cell. What
    most don’t realize is that these two minerals are constantly striving for
    equilibrium. When one gets out of line with the other your system will strive to
    adjust to the underlying situation.

    When you cut your sodium intake, your body will quickly compensate by
    holding more sodium in and releasing potassium out thereby decreasing fluid
    inside the muscle cell. When you increase your sodium intake your body will
    compensate by holding more potassium in (increasing intra-muscular fluid) and
    increasing the excretion of sodium.

    Sodium, potassium and the balance between the two can have a prominent
    impact on muscle size and anabolism (increased cellular fluid inside the muscle
    cell promotes an anabolic response in muscle tissue) as well as strength
    through increase joint leverage. Also, elevated sodium and potassium levels
    will tend to prevent soft tissue injuries so common in heavy training.

    Sodium's Influence

    Increases muscle size through an increase in muscle cell
    fluid volume.

    Increasing cellular fluid increases protein turnover and
    overload stimulated lean tissue accrual.

    Increased intra and extra-cellular fluid increases joint
    leverage positively impacting strength for greater muscle

    Increased intra and extra-cellular fluid decreases muscle
    strains and helps protect soft and connective tissue from

    Many critical amino acids are "sodium-dependant". This
    means they actually have to attach to a sodium molecule
    to enter the muscle cell.

    Getting Enough

    You can get enough potassium from a good multi-mineral supplement.
    Bananas are also an excellent source and are highly recommended. Each bite
    has about 100 milligrams of potassium. Sodium is another story. The typical
    athlete that eats a disciplined diet low in fat is probably not benefiting from
    proper sodium intake as he should. Forget the myth of avoiding table salt.
    Don’t be afraid to use salt liberally. This is important. I know, over the years
    the media has pounded the “avoid salt” routine down your throat but you must
    understand, not only this is geared towards the “average person” - if you train
    and eat like a bodybuilder, you are not an average person - it's opposite of
    what recent science has shown to be healthy.

    Remember, the low/no sodium approach will limit the rate at which you can
    put on muscle from both a fluid balance standpoint and through hormonal
    suppression effects.

    One of the key effects of steroids, especially the high androgenic ones, is their
    ability to promote the retention of sodium. This sodium retention is believed to
    be a major contributor to the muscle growth experienced while on steroids.
    This is a relatively new area of research. The medical community can’t seem
    to agree on just how and why steroids work and this appears to be an area
    that has been seriously overlooked.

    Sodium and potassium are regulated by aldosterone. Aldosterone is produced
    in the adrenal cortex. Steroids have a direct influence on the adrenal cortex
    which also produces cortisol and other glucocorticoids. See a connection?

    We will have much more on the groundbreaking research into The “Sodium
    -Anabolic” Connection in the near future. In the meantime, for a serious
    anabolic jolt, simply increase your sodium intake by salting your food a little
    more. It doesn't take a ton of salt. Just get in the habit of salting your food at
    every meal. Steadily increase the amount you use over a one month period.
    You'll be bigger, stronger, and much less susceptible to progress halting
    injuries. And guess what? It costs only about 27 cents for a 3 month supply.

  4. wow great article.

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