Too much testosterone kill brain cells.

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    Too much testosterone kill brain cells.


    Reuters.com

    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Too much testosterone can kill brain cells, researchers said on Tuesday in a finding that may help explain why steroid abuse can cause behavior changes like aggressiveness and suicidal tendencies.

    Tests on brain cells in lab dishes showed that while a little of the male hormone is good, too much of it causes cells to self-destruct in a process similar to that seen in brain illnesses such as Alzheimer's.

    "Too little testosterone is bad, too much is bad but the right amount is perfect," said Barbara Ehrlich of Yale University in Connecticut, who led the study.


    Testosterone is key to the development, differentiation and growth of cells and is produced by both men and women, although men produce about 20 times more of the hormone.

    It can also be abused, and recent scandals have involved athletes who use the hormone, or steroids that turn into testosterone in the body, for an unfair advantage.

    "Other people have shown that high levels of steroid can cause behavioral changes," Ehrlich said in a telephone interview.

    "We can show that when you have high levels of steroids, you have high testosterone and that can destroy the nerve cells. We know that when you lose brain cells you lose function."

    Ehrlich's team tried the same thing with the "female" hormone estrogen, just to be fair.
    "We were surprised, but it actually looks like estrogen is neuroprotective. If anything, there is less cell death in the presence of estrogen," she said.

    Writing in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Ehrlich and colleagues said their findings meant people should think twice about supplementing with testosterone, even if it does build muscle mass and aid recovery after exercise.

    "These effects of testosterone on neurons will have long term effects on brain function," they wrote.

    "Next time a muscle-bound guy in a sports car cuts you off on the highway, don't get mad -- just take a deep breath and realize that it might not be his fault," Ehrlich said in a statement.


    The cells die via a process called apoptosis, also known as cell suicide or programmed cell death.

    "Apoptosis is an important thing for the brain -- the brain needs to weed out some of the cells. But when it happens too frequently, you lose too many cells and causes problems."

    A similar process is seen in Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia in the United States, affecting an estimated 4.5 million Americans, and Huntington's disease, another fatal brain illness.

    "Our results suggest that the responses to elevated testosterone can be compared with these pathophysiological conditions," the researchers wrote.


    Next > © Reuters 2006. All Rights Reserved.

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    Great but how much is too much and was it directly injected into the brain of the lab rats?

    "Next time a muscle-bound guy in a sports car cuts you off on the highway, don't get mad -- just take a deep breath and realize that it might not be his fault," Ehrlich said in a statement
    Cue in new treatment clinics and handicap stickers.

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    After reading this article I was furious, but then I could not remember why??


    LOL
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    This is interesting and a reminder that the body is a collection of dynamic systems.....when things go too far one way or another, there can be problems.

    I do object to the quote from the researcher about the muscle bound driver....as it shows some prejudice which may be evident in her interpretation of the data.
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    Quote Originally Posted by yeahright
    I do object to the quote from the researcher about the muscle bound driver....as it shows some prejudice which may be evident in her interpretation of the data.
    Exactly my thought. Sounds like a pretty one-sided view. Either way, I'll wait for some worth-while data in living humans, and not test results on something in a petri dish.
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    too much test can kill


    Here is a little reading for everyone my thought was BS



    Too much testosterone kills brain cells By Maggie Fox, Health and Science Correspondent
    Wed Sep 27, 8:23 AM ET



    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Too much testosterone can kill brain cells, researchers said on Tuesday in a finding that may help explain why steroid abuse can cause behavior changes like aggressiveness and suicidal tendencies.

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    Tests on brain cells in lab dishes showed that while a little of the male hormone is good, too much of it causes cells to self-destruct in a process similar to that seen in brain illnesses such as Alzheimer's.

    "Too little testosterone is bad, too much is bad but the right amount is perfect," said Barbara Ehrlich of Yale University in Connecticut, who led the study.

    Testosterone is key to the development, differentiation and growth of cells and is produced by both men and women, although men produce about 20 times more of the hormone.

    It can also be abused, and recent scandals have involved athletes who use the hormone, or steroids that turn into testosterone in the body, for an unfair advantage.

    "Other people have shown that high levels of steroid can cause behavioral changes," Ehrlich said in a telephone interview.

    "We can show that when you have high levels of steroids, you have high testosterone and that can destroy the nerve cells. We know that when you lose brain cells you lose function."

    Ehrlich's team tried the same thing with the "female" hormone estrogen, just to be fair.

    "We were surprised, but it actually looks like estrogen is neuroprotective. If anything, there is less cell death in the presence of estrogen," she said.

    Writing in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Ehrlich and colleagues said their findings meant people should think twice about supplementing with testosterone, even if it does build muscle mass and aid recovery after exercise.

    "These effects of testosterone on neurons will have long term effects on brain function," they wrote.

    "Next time a muscle-bound guy in a sports car cuts you off on the highway, don't get mad -- just take a deep breath and realize that it might not be his fault," Ehrlich said in a statement.

    The cells die via a process called apoptosis, also known as cell suicide or programmed cell death.

    "Apoptosis is an important thing for the brain -- the brain needs to weed out some of the cells. But when it happens too frequently, you lose too many cells and causes problems."

    A similar process is seen in Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia in the United States, affecting an estimated 4.5 million Americans, and Huntington's disease, another fatal brain illness.

    "Our results suggest that the responses to elevated testosterone can be compared with these pathophysiological conditions," the researchers wrote.
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    They never say how much test was used in the study. IMO, just a bunch of BS.
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    Uh, they never state exactly how much is "Too much". Seems like another "Steroids are bad" article.
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    Alcohol kills brain cells too.
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    I'll take 2g's of test over booze ANYDAY, lol
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    Laughable conclusions I think.

    In vitro really isn't evidence enough to draw the conclusions they are drawing in the article. They say estrogen is neuroprotective, which is it, but they didnt allow any estrogen in the experimental conditions? Since when is testosterone present but not estrogen? It sounds like a large amount of test is responsible for the damage, but what about the T to E ratio? In males, is the proper ratio of T to E, no matter the level, indicative of neurological health? Or is it the absolute level of T? I am inclined to think it is the ratio of T to E, or else women would be much smarter than men (unless there are other brain-protective processes that coudl correct for possible T damage).

    And then again, what amount of T are they subjecting the cells to? Normally these kind of studies push the boundaries to ellicit an effect worthy of publication. Is it all free T? Are they allowing for T-binding? If it is all free, how do they account for the fact that SHGB binds like what, 99% of the T in the body, inactivating it?

    Great study,

    But damn, boo the media.
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    Quote Originally Posted by kikazz
    Tests on brain cells in lab dishes showed that while a little of the male hormone is good, too much of it causes cells to self-destruct in a process similar to that seen in brain illnesses such as Alzheimer's.
    Head over to PubMed and you'll find a whole bunch of studies showing the positive benefits of steroid treatment on Alzheimer's disease. Just found out about them recently myself. I'll take vivo over vitro any day of the week, especially when I know the doses used. My guess is they drowned them in a dose that on a mg/kg basis would be difficult if not impossible to hit in real life.
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    ....So does sneezing.
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    Too much testosterone kills brain cells


    WASHINGTON (Reuters) -- Too much testosterone can kill brain cells, researchers say, in a finding that may help explain why steroid abuse can cause behavior changes such as aggressiveness and suicidal tendencies.

    Tests on brain cells in lab dishes showed that while a little of the male hormone is good, too much of it causes cells to self-destruct in a process similar to that seen in brain illnesses such as Alzheimer's.

    "Too little testosterone is bad, too much is bad but the right amount is perfect," said Barbara Ehrlich of Yale University in Connecticut, who led the study.

    Testosterone is key to the development, differentiation and growth of cells and is produced by both men and women, although men produce about 20 times more of the hormone.

    It can also be abused, and recent scandals have involved athletes who use the hormone, or steroids that turn into testosterone in the body, for an unfair advantage.

    "Other people have shown that high levels of steroid can cause behavioral changes," Ehrlich said in a telephone interview.

    "We can show that when you have high levels of steroids, you have high testosterone and that can destroy the nerve cells. We know that when you lose brain cells you lose function."

    Ehrlich's team tried the same thing with the "female" hormone estrogen, just to be fair.

    "We were surprised, but it actually looks like estrogen is neuroprotective. If anything, there is less cell death in the presence of estrogen," she said.

    Writing in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Ehrlich and colleagues said their findings meant people should think twice about supplementing with testosterone, even if it does build muscle mass and aid recovery after exercise.

    "These effects of testosterone on neurons will have long-term effects on brain function," they wrote.

    "Next time a muscle-bound guy in a sports car cuts you off on the highway, don't get mad -- just take a deep breath and realize that it might not be his fault," Ehrlich said in a statement.

    The cells die via a process called apoptosis, also known as cell suicide or programmed cell death.

    "Apoptosis is an important thing for the brain -- the brain needs to weed out some of the cells. But when it happens too frequently, you lose too many cells and causes problems."

    A similar process is seen in Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia in the United States, affecting an estimated 4.5 million Americans, and Huntington's disease, another fatal brain illness.

    "Our results suggest that the responses to elevated testosterone can be compared with these pathophysiological conditions," the researchers wrote.
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    I'm beginning to think there must be some sort of joke here...this article has spawned a mutliple number of threads. Perhaps as though to say that we here at AM.com don't have enough brain cells to realise this article/report has been posted already.

    Just a thought.
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    It's a good thing I got hypogonadism and I'm fine with having man-titties. I'd rather kill my brain cells by drinking and smoking rather than doing steroids. My goodness.
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    Quote Originally Posted by CHAPS
    I'll take 2g's of test over booze ANYDAY, lol
    my thoughts exactly
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    LOL I love the sterotype! Muscular guy in a sports car. Thats bull****! Everybody knows the really large dudes spend all their money on gear and drive beaters.ha!
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    Quote Originally Posted by motiv8er
    After reading this article I was furious, but then I could not remember why??


    LOL


    Stop shooting that South American Juice in your brain pan buddy


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    if this is true, this is an asbolutely huge development. It lends incredible credibility to the "steroids cause suicide" and "behavioral changes/agression" argument.

    however, i think its more likely its BS

    and i have read more than one study stating that tesosterone causes increased awareness and mental acuteness in older patients, that doesnt sound like a brain killing effect to me, and if it is, its only damaging the behavioral centers. i can live with a little extra agression i dont know about you guys.
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    Although I think the media and politics has really hyped everything up you're still dealing with Hormones by in-large uneducated people.(myself included so don't get pissy)

    Cocaine has beneficial uses and was banned for ****ed up reasons but that still doesn't make other studies/findings completely false.

    Screwing with test and throwing in another truck of chemicals into the body at the same time can have some nasty effects. Again i'll say; look at the number of AS users here who have admitted to anti-psychotic drugs, etc.
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    I think that there are two main things we should all take from this study:

    1. It cannot be called a "scientific study" if the researcher(s) are prejudiced toward one outcome or the other. It is clear that Barbara Ehrlich of Yale University is not only biased, but seems to be quite judgemental too, when making the statement:
    Quote Originally Posted by Barbara Ehrlich
    "Next time a muscle-bound guy in a sports car cuts you off on the highway, don't get mad -- just take a deep breath and realize that it might not be his fault"
    Simply put, it isnt science when a researcher is capable of blathering nonsense like this. Research is supposed to be done by unbiased and impartial individuals.

    2. The method of the study is not defined. As most of us know, too much oxygen will cause cell death in every tissue in the body. So will too much water. How much apoptosis occured in this study? Can we compare the rate of apoptosis to a third group of cells that were exposed to alcohol... how about tobacco? What about a group of brain cells exposed to ambien or another acceptable, profitable, legal pharmicutical?

    This article wasnt written about a scientific study. This article was politics.
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    People are confusing the scientific study for the mindless newspaper article. Yes, the study does mention doses, 1 and 10 micromoles over 6 or 12 hours. I'm not sure about the amount of test one would have to take to equal the increases they tested, but get the feeling its a bit more than most users take.

    I have the pdf for this, but found it through a backdoor. Journal of Biological Chemistry the article is 'Elevated testosterone induces apoptosis in neuronal cells '... I won't post a link to a copyrighted journal for obvious reasons, but its easy enough to find. If it asks for membership info, you are on the wrong page :-) .

    TSC
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    So what's your take on it Tsc?
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    Quote Originally Posted by Jayhawkk
    So what's your take on it Tsc?
    Assuming their research is sound, its still a matter of how much of an increase in brain levels will happen with X amount of extra test. ie, there is nothing there to say that the amounts they studied are indicative of what is actually happening with aas users.

    TSC
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    from last nights Conan (paraphrased)

    "When reached for comment about the findings of a study that say too much testosterone kills brain cells,
    Barry Bonds was qouted as saying 'Me hit ball' "
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    In advance, I apologize for the long post. I impressed that most people haven't just dismissed this article outright. It is important that we don't discount something just because we don't want to believe it.

    That said; let me add my 2 cents worth. I am an immunotoxicologist by training, and don't pretend to be an endocrinologist or a neurobiologist. However, I do understand research. I do it for a living. JBC is an excellent journal, and method wise, this is a very nice study. However, my take on this study is that it is essentially meaningless.

    First, let's take a look at the premise of the research. I always put my research, and others that I review, through a test I think of as the "who cares" test. This came from when I was a postdoc, and I would show my advisor some interesting and clear-cut data, usually in vitro, and he would often say, "sure that's interesting but...so what?" At first I was taken aback, but soon figured out that he didn't dispute there was a treatment effect, but he questioned the biological relevance of the experiment.

    So, according to the "so what" test, this study has little if any biological relevance that I can see--let me explain. First, as Enigma, CDB and others brought up, this study was done in vitro (petri dishes). There is a huge difference between tumor cell culture and primary cells, let alone a whole organism. A whole organism is incredibly more complicated, and tissue culture CANNOT model endocrine/organ/cell-cell interaction effects. This is a fact shown over and over again. RNAi is cool and all, but if they really wanted to support their hypothesis, a rat or mouse study using osmotic pumps and a direct assessment of brain pathology would have been far more convincing.

    Next is the question of an associated human pathology. The NIH has really been pushing toxicological studies to start from a pathology, then link a toxicant to it, rather than visa versa--which was how things used to be done. In this case the author supposes that some ambiguous yet real neurological conditions associated with as use such as aggression and depression are the result of neurological damage. However, the author sites no studies that this is indeed the case, and a quick pubmed search confirms that there is no evidence (neither epi nor case studies) that as users display any abnormal brain physiology as compared to normal subjects. Now, of course this could just mean no one looked. However, as use didn't start yesterday and one would assume that postmortem exams have been done in the past on as users who died of mysterious circumstances. If ANY abnormalities had been found, politicians and the press would have jumped on it immediately to save us poor deluded citizens from our self-destructive ways. Yet, strangely there are no reports to support this. Granted, I (uh, hypothetically) too have experienced transient mood fluctuations while "on" and during post cycle therapy as many or most have. Yet these changes are just that, transient. If toxic damage was occurring, one would assume there would be a chronic component since the CNS isn't suppose to regenerate (I say "suppose" because there is evidence of late that says it might). I still believe that mood swings are more of a component of screwing with the HPTA axis, rather than neurological damage--a belief that can actually be supported by published research.

    So, for grins, lets say that high dose test is a neurotoxicant, and no one has systematically looked for neurological abnormalities in users. How about anecdotal evidence? Really here, all one has to do is look at long term as users. If as were potent neurotoxins, wouldn't you expect a very long time user to act more like say...Mohammed Ali, rather than the governor of California? If this were true, then a significant proportion of long time as users would be patients in mental or rehab hospitals, and there would be a "anabolic steroid induced dementia" or some such pathology on the books already (yet there is not). I know some old school users (one in his 60's) from my gym and they all seem absolutely normal. Additionally, this study just gives evidence that as are general neurotoxins, and one needs to keep in mind that the brain isn’t just cognition and emotion. If this were true, how come users don’t experience any motor difficulties either peripherally or centrally? Do pro athletes get better or worse at their sport with as use? As a personal note, my wife is an Occupational Therapist and has never seen a strength athlete in her 15 years of rehab experience with neurological deficits from anything other than trauma.

    Next, lets look at the nuts and bolts of the study. With any tox study, one always has to be extremely careful about dose. You have to choose a biologically relevant dose, and back up your choice with sound research. The authors in this case choose 100 nM test as their "normal" dose and 1uM as their low toxic dose. Okay, that sounds fine superficially, since Bhasin et al (NEJM 1996) treated healthy men with 600mg/wk of test enanthate for 10 wks, and final total test was about 3244 ng/dl which works out to be 811nM or 0.81uM (jeeze, I hope I calculated right--I won’t be offended of someone checks my math). However, (and this may be the deal breaker--again if my math is right) they don't take into account the buffering capacity of SHBG as Enigma alluded to earlier in this thread. While the men in the Bhasin study had near 1uM of total, their FREE test was only 143nM, which is well below the authors lowest significant toxic level, and nearly 100 times lower than the extremely toxic level of 10uM. So, really what this study shows that a person on around 600 mg/wk of test has nothing to worry about--which is not what they conclude from their own data.

    So, all in all, I wouldn’t get too worked up about this study. Now, if they repeat this in an animal model…
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    "In this case the author supposes that some ambiguous yet real neurological conditions associated with as use such as aggression and depression are the result of neurological damage."

    That's the part that gets me. She makes this broadbrush statement about behavioral changes when there is a host of data showing completely different mechanisms for this other than nuerotoxins.

    Has she ever looked into dopamine elevation from increased test use, or the various changes in serotonin parameters brought on by alterations to cholesterol values and ratioes? I doubt it. She got interviewed by Rueters and decided to become the voice of male endocrinology which is horribly irresponsible IMO.

    The study doesn't take into account numerous in vivo mechanisms. It may very well be the ratio of E to T that is the important factor or SHGB buffering as you mentioned.
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    I absolutely agree.

    Honestly, I am surprised this got published in such a respected journal. I suspect it was because of the methods employed (siRNA is very sexy), and the controversial/news-worthy nature of the study. JBC got some nice press out of this, didn't they? If they had submitted it to a toxicology journal, it would have been rejected based on these very criticisms.
  32. yea!!!!!
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    oh man i got college finals comin up to.... I guess if i start staring at the wall in a daze for 30 min and then all the sudden bang on the desk while simultaneously ripping my paper in half and yelling at the girl behind me,.. i guess i'll know why.
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