Metabolism. 1998 Nov;47(11):1376-8. Related Articles, Links

Treatment with growth hormone suppresses cortisol production in man.

Vierhapper H, Nowotny P, Waldhausl W.

Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Vienna, Austria.

The effect of biosynthetic human growth hormone (GH) on the cortisol production rate was determined in healthy men (N=8) using the stable isotope dilution technique and mass spectrometry. 1alpha,2alpha-D-Cortisol was infused at a dose of 110+/-9 microg/h for 10 hours (8 AM to 6 PM). Blood samples obtained at 20-minute intervals from 2 PM to 6 PM were pooled during two 2-hour periods. Subsequently, each subject received a daily dose of biosynthetic human GH (4 IU/d subcutaneously [SC]) for 7 days. This resulted in an increase of plasma somatomedin C from a basal level of 0.65+/-0.13 U/mL to 1.18+/-1.2 U/mL on day 7 (P < .0001). Plasma concentrations of corticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol-binding globulin (CBG) were similar before and after administration of GH. Determination of the cortisol production rate was repeated on day 7 of treatment with GH. Due to its physiological diurnal rhythmicity, endogenous production of cortisol during basal conditions was higher (P < .05) between 2 and 4 PM (0.70+/-0.30 mg/h) versus 4 to 6 PM (0.55+/-0.28 mg/h). Following treatment with GH, the values were 0.40+/-0.11 mg/h (2 to 4 PM, P < .01 v day 1) and 0.31+/-0.11 mg/h (4 to 6 PM, P < .01 v day 1). Thus, in healthy men, treatment with SC, GH induces a decrease in endogenous cortisol production rates.

PMID: 9826216 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]