I was going by this.
Treatment of Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Insulin Aspart Injections Vs. IV Regular Insulin Avoids ICU Care, Cutting Hospital Costs Nearly 40 Percent, Study Shows
Other Study Shows People With Diabetes Prefer Combination of Insulin Aspart and FlexPen(R) By More Than Eight-to-One Over Other Rapid-Acting Insulin and Pen Delivery Device
"All three treatments were equally effective, and there were no patient deaths. There were no significant differences between patients treated with SC-1hr, SC-2hr, or IV regular insulin, respectively, in the average duration of treatment until correction of hyperglycemia"
Glucose-lowering effect of insulin by different routes in obese and lean nonketotic diabetic patients
MN Shahshahani and
The absorption of insulin and its glucose-lowering effect were compared after the administration of crystalline insulin by sc, im, and iv routes in 29 obese and 10 lean nonketotic diabetic patients, none of whom had consciously received insulin previously. Each of the patients received insulin in a dose of 0.1 U/kg BW by the im, sc, and iv routes in a randomized fashion on 3 different days. Plasma glucose, immunoreactive insulin (IRI), and immunoreactive glucagon (IRG) were measured at intervals over the first 4 h. The t1/2 (mean +/- SEM) after iv administration of insulin in obese and lean diabetics was, respectively, 5.3 +/- 0.2 and 4.8 +/- 0.4 min; these were not significantly different. Intravenous injection produced its highest level of IRI in 2 min in both groups. Thereafter, a rapid drop was observed with return to the basal level by 90 min. Equivalent amounts of im and sc insulin produced a maximal increase in plasma IRI at 60 min in both groups. Plasma IRI after iv insulin injection was significantly higher than after sc and im insulin injections at 10 and 20 min (P less than 0.001) and significantly lower than the im and sc groups at 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, and 240 min (P less than 0.001). After iv insulin, plasma glucose at 30, 40, 50, and 60 min was significantly lower than after im and sc insulin (P less than 0.001), but over the 4-h study period, the glucose-lowering effect and the area under the curves for glucose response to IRI by the three routes were the same in both lean and obese diabetic subjects. The mean basal IRI in lean patients was 18 +/- 4 microU/ml, which was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) than in obese patients (26 +/- 2 microU/ml). No significant difference was observed in fasting IRG in lean (96 +/- 12 pg/ml) vs. obese (108 +/- 10 pg/ml) patients. No significant increase in IRG was noted with equivalent amounts of sc, im, and iv injection in the lean and obese patients. These studies demonstrated that although iv injection of insulin produces a more rapid initial decline in plasma glucose, the overall glucose-lowering effect by insulin given iv, im or sc is similar in nonketotic lean or obese diabetic subjects.
"The route used to administer insulin in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis had no clear effect on the time taken to return to biochemical normality or the amount of insulin required."