pulled this off a wada paper, so take it for what its worth...
Studying the side effects and health risks of anabolic steroid use is diffi-
cult. Because the drugs are illegal & there is paucity of well-controlled studies available for review.
Nevertheless, a number of studies have investigated the health consequences associated with these drugs and have provided strong evidence of their risks, including hepatic cellular damage, testicular atrophy, cardiovascular disease, and psychological disturbance, musculo-
Skeletal effects and even increased mortality.
(1) Cardiovascular effects:
(a) Elevated blood pressure, decreased high-density lipoprotein,
Erythrocytosis, Myocardial hypertrophy, Arrhythmia, Thrombosis.
(b) Association between Endothelial dysfunction with an atherogenic blood lipid profile, and may pose an increased risk of atherosclerosis.
(Ebenbichler CF et al, 2001)
(c) Decrease (25% - 27%) in HDL cholesterol & increase in diastolic
blood pressure after 8 weeks of anabolic steroid use.
(d) Associated with hypertension, myocardial ischemia, and sudden cardiac death.
( Fieschi V et al. 2001)(Sillivan ML et al.1998)(Parssinen M et al. 2002)
( Wight JN et al. 1995) (Meichert RB et al: 1995)
(2) Hepatic effects (functional / structural)
(a) Hepatotoxicity (elevated liver function tests) / jaundice
(3) Reproductive- Endocrine effects
(a) Libido changes, Subfertility, Decreased Luteinizing hormone and
(b) Increased aggressiveness and sexual appetite, sometimes resulting
in aberrant sexual and criminal behavior.
(c) In Males Only : Impotence with chronic or repeated use, testicular shrinkage(atrophy), breast enlargement (gynecomastia), prostatic enlargement, reduction of sperm production, premature baldness.
(d) In Female Only : Masculinization/Hirsutism, excessive hair growth on the face & body, deepening of the voice, enlargement of clitoris, abnormal menstrual cycles (suppression of ovarian function and menstruation), reduced breast size. Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
(e) Childrn: Premature epiphyseal closure of the growth center of long bones (in adolescents) which may result stunted growth.
Premature puberty among female child.
(4) Psychological effects / Behavioral effects
(a) Mood swings, Aggression, Mania, Depression, Withdrawal, Dependence.
(b) Direct cause of significant disturbances in personality profiles.
(Cooper CJ et al, 1996)
(c) Significantly less in control of their aggression than did controls.
(Midgley et al, 2001)
(5) Dermatologic effects
(a) Acne, Striae, Alopecia
(c) Hursutism (male pilosis)(Too many body-hari as male)
(d) Collagen reducing skin elasticity
(6) Musculo-skeletal system effects:
(a) Muscle tightness and cramp.
(b) Stiff tender, resulting in an increased potential for muscle strains or
(7) Mortality rates:
(a) The most severe consequences of long-term AAS use many be on the
(Parssinen M, 2002)
(b) Mortality rates among elite power lifters during the years of follow
up was 12.9% in the body-builders compared with 3.1 % in the con-
troll population. The causes of death among the power lifters include suicide, acute myocardial infarction, hepatic coma, non-Hodgkin
’s lymphoma. ( Parssinen M et al, 2000)
(c) Investigation on cause of death of steroid abusers among the demise of 34 known users of anabolic steroid, investigator found: 9; victim of
homicide, 11; committed suicide, 12; judged accidental, 2; not determ-
mined. And concluded that anabolic steroid use was associated with increased risk of violent death from impulsive, aggressive behavior or depressive symptoms. Chronic cardiac changes were observed in 12 cases (35%)
(8) Injection associated with needle sharing:
(Rich JD et al,1999)
(a) Bruising, Infection, Fibrosis, Neuro-vascular injury.
(b) Risk of acquirig AIDS, hepatitis(B,C), and other blood-borne diseases,
abscesses increase greatly with the use of injectable forms.
(c) 25% rate of needle sharing among adolescent anabolic steroid users.
dont know how they they got that percentage, if via survery (LOL imagine that) im sure it would be higher, really, how many young peeps are gonna be like, yea, me an tommy inject each other in the glutes 3 times per week, we save money by using the same needle.