• Gaining Size While Losing Fat

      by Dean Somerset Bodybuilding . com


      Name: Dean Somerset
      Occupation: Exercise physiologist; medical and rehabilitation coordinator for World Health Clubs.
      Website: deansomerset.com

      "The man who chases two rabbits ends up losing them both."
      — Anonymous

      Though the origin of that saying can be traced back to Native American hunters, too often it applies today to modern lifters who train for concurrent and yet conflicting goals: maximizing size and minimizing body fat.

      The majority of research—not to mention common sense—suggests that it's difficult to gain size while losing body fat simultaneously.

      Optimum growth requires a caloric surplus, whereas fat burning requires a caloric deficit. Those seem mutually exclusive, right?

      Not necessarily. By using your head as well as your body, you can catch both rabbits rather than coming up empty-handed. I'm here to show you how.

      While it may be difficult to gain size while cutting simultaneously, it's much easier to maintain body fat while increasing muscle mass. This, in turn, reduces the body fat percentage of total weight.

      Contrary to what you may think, you can also maintain strength and even see increases while leaning out. Happily, increasing the amount of lean muscle you carry creates an uptick in resting metabolism, which works in your favor for improving body composition.

      This can be done in a number of ways, but the approach you'll take with this program involves a thoughtful combination of heavy strength training and sweat-yielding metabolic conditioning circuits.

      Here's how it all breaks down:

      When trying to get as lean as possible, some lifters tend to throw the baby out with the bath water, swapping out their normally heavy sets for higher-rep work. This is a mistake! Strength in the big lifts involves more neural efficiency and excitation coupled with biomechanical alignment to lift heavy. Translation: more muscle gets used, more calories get burned.

      Additionally, researchers from the Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education in Oslo found that a group of lifters using their six-rep max (6RM) bumped up their metabolism higher and for longer than a group of lifters training with 12-rep sets.

      Heavy strength training can help improve muscle recruitment throughout the entire body. This makes each rep more beneficial by taxing the body's ability to use calories effectively to power the workouts. So abandoning heavy squats, benches, and deadlifts in order to get lean is misguided.

      A mainstay in any weight-loss program is some form of metabolic conditioning; that is, extended periods during which your heart rate is above the anaerobic threshold. Think of it like a quarter-mile drag racer versus a long-haul trucker. The dragster will burn through a lot more fuel in a very short period of time, while the long haul trucker will sip fuel over an extended period to reach his or her destination. Simply put, higher intensities are required to see optimal fat loss.

      This higher intensity also increases the neural efficiency of the brain, causing the muscles to contract harder to increase force production and work output. The repeated-bout component of metabolic conditioning helps improve nutrient delivery to the working muscles and speeds waste product removal—two events necessary to increase work capacity and power output.

      A higher intensity (read: heavier) weight workout with a volume of 20-30 reps of max effort work, coupled with a metabolic conditioning component can cause insane fat-burning potential, while helping you maintain or even increase existing muscle mass and strength levels.

      Now that you understand how the various factors play into your goals, it's time to get to work. This workout will be composed of different-phased intensities and volumes through the week. The goal is to burn copious amounts of calories while maintaining a relatively high training intensity.

      You'll rest between sets but no enough to fully recover. The total number of reps of heavy exercises will fall between 20 and 30, but the intensity and rest periods between each workout will be varied to work on max strength, heavy strength, or work capacity with a challenging resistance.

      There's no such thing as a useless or throwaway rep in this program. Every rep counts! The weights will be challenging, but you'll never take them to failure. The goal is to train you to succeed, not to learn how to give up.

      Because the workout intensity will be higher, intra-workout supplementation will be important. Branched-chain amino acids can help prevent excessive muscle breakdown. A sports drink can also help you to get you through the workout without crashing by keeping your blood-sugar level, while keeping your electrolyte balance stable.

      1. Squats, Metabolic Conditioning, Sled Push
      2. Bench Press, Metabolic Conditioning, Sprints
      3. Deadlift, Metabolic Conditioning, Rower
      4. Cleans, Metabolic Conditioning, Foam Roller
      5. Rest
      6. Rest
      7. Rest

      Begin each session with 10-15 minutes of dynamic work to increase heart rate and core body temperature. Mild cardio, light kettlebell work, or other mobility exercises are recommended. Repeat for three weeks, adding weight as needed while still maintaining strict rest intervals.

      In Week 4, cut the volume in half and increase each rest interval by 15 seconds.

      In Week 5, try to see what your new maxes are in each main lift, ensuring you don't go for more weight than you can use with solid technique.

      Day 1

      Barbell Squat
      4 sets of 15, 10, 5, 2 reps

      Pyramid up to a weight that challenges you to complete two reps. This is designed to help you up-regulate the nervous system for the heavy work ahead. Strive for a full range of motion on each rep, aiming to get your thighs parallel to the floor. Use a box if necessary.

      Barbell Squat
      10 sets of 2 reps

      Use a weight that is approximately 85% of the two-rep weight you arrived at previously. Complete your two reps at the top of each minute for 10 minutes.

      Move from exercise to exercise without rest, going through the entire circuit 5 times total. Rest no more than 75 seconds between sets.

      10 reps

      10 reps

      If chin-ups are too challenging, or for greater variety from week to week, substitute the inverted row.

      Dumbbell Rear Lunge
      5 reps, per side

      Barbell Glute Bridge
      10 reps

      Sled Push
      Perform 3 all-out sets of 20 yards using a challenging resistance. Rest 60 sec or less in between sets.

      If your gym doesn't have a sled, perform 10 minutes of continuous, high-level work on a stair climber.

      Day 2
      Barbell Bench Press - Medium Grip Barbell Bench Press - Medium GripBarbell Bench Press - Medium Grip
      4 sets of 15, 10, 5, 2 reps

      Pyramid up to a weight that challenges you to complete two reps. This is designed to help you up-regulate the nervous system for the heavy work ahead. Ensure your shoulders are set properly, deep under your ribs and squeezed together. Use dumbbells if they are more comfortable or alternate between workouts for variety.

      Barbell Bench Press - Medium Grip
      10 sets of 1 rep

      Use a weight that is approximately 90% of the two-rep weight you arrived at previously. Superset with two reps of chin-ups or inverted rows each set, resting no longer than 75 seconds after each superset.
      10 sets of 2 reps

      Move from exercise to exercise without rest, going through the entire circuit 5 times total. Rest no more than 75 seconds between sets.

      Floor Glute-Ham Raise
      6 reps

      Hanging Leg Raise
      10 reps

      Freehand Jump Squat
      15 reps

      One-Arm Dumbbell Row
      8 reps, per side

      Perform these using a 3-0-3 tempo. This calls for a 3-second eccentric, or negative, contraction, a 0-pause, then an immediate 3-second concentric, or positive, contraction.

      Perform 5, 50-yard sprints at 90% max speed on a track or treadmill. Rest 90 seconds between sprints.

      Day 3
      Barbell Deadlift
      4 sets of 15, 10, 5, 2 reps

      Choose between a sumo and conventional deadlift or alternate them week to week for variety. In either case, focus on driving with your hips rather than your back. Make it a horizontal drive —bringing your hips forward—instead of a strictly vertical drive.

      Barbell Deadlift
      5 sets of 5 reps

      Use a weight that is approximately 80% of the two-rep weight you arrived at previously.

      Move from exercise to exercise without rest, going through the entire circuit 5 times total. Rest no more than 75 seconds between sets.

      Goblet Squat
      15 reps

      Dumbbell One-Arm Shoulder Press
      5 reps, per side

      Barbell Curl
      10 reps

      Dumbbell Bench Press
      10 reps

      Rowing, Stationary
      Perform eight 500-meter sprints at 85-100% of your maximum intensity. Rest 75 seconds or less in between sets.

      Keep track of your total sprint time and try to come within three seconds on the subsequent sets.

      Day 4

      Clean Pull
      8 sets of 3 reps

      Clean Pull
      8 sets of 3 reps

      The goal of these isn't the total amount of weight lifted, especially if you're a novice with the lift. Instead, try to focus on using a lighter weight and generating massive speed from the hip extension and shoulder shrug, with rapid hip, knee, and ankle extension, generating as much power into the floor as possible moving into the catch.

      Make sure you catch the bar on the shoulders and not on your throat. If you can deadlift 315 pounds or more, use 135 on the clean. If you deadlift less, use 95. If you've never done these before, start with an empty bar or a broomstick and focus on speed of the movement and getting under it for the catch. Add weight when you feel comfortable.

      Move from exercise to exercise without rest, going through the entire circuit 5 times total. Rest no more than 75 seconds between sets.

      Band Pull Apart
      20 reps

      Plank PlankPlank
      10 reps

      Kettlebell One-Legged Deadlift
      8 reps, per side

      Triceps Pushdown
      10 reps

      Foam Roll
      End both the workout and the week by foam-rolling your major muscle groups for 10-15 minutes total.

      Be sure to focus on your glutes, quads, hamstrings, and hips as well as your entire back.

      Source: http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/brut...ng-ripped.html
      Comments 4 Comments
      1. Coryb5's Avatar
        Coryb5 -
        Nothing on nutrition?
      1. nemix's Avatar
        nemix -
        Originally Posted by Coryb5 View Post
        Nothing on nutrition?
        Obviously diet wouldn't matter with this wonderful workout :P
      1. dkgreene88's Avatar
        dkgreene88 -
        Good article
      1. GLHF's Avatar
        GLHF -
        Great article. I incorporate almost all methods shown here with great success.

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